In re John Carl


Lambda Legal represented John Carl, a Denver-area man who was denied a kidney transplant by Kaiser Permanente because he has HIV. The HMO reversed course after reviewing a range of scientific data on HIV and transplants and information about Carl's personal health history.


  • September 2003 Lambda Legal files a formal appeal with Kaiser Permanente, asking the HMO to reverse its denial in light of a range of scientific data and Carl's personal health history and experience.
  • October 2003 Kaiser Permanente announces that it has reconsidered its initial rejection of a kidney transplant and will now cover the procedure.

Case Information

Status: Closed
Outcome: Victory


John Carl


Lambda Legal
Hayley Gorenberg

Co-counsel/Cooperating Attorney
Eric Maxfield, the Legal Center for People with Disabilities and Older People