Utah

Relationships

NO
Does the state allow same-sex couples to marry?
  • 1995 Utah prohibits marriage between same-sex couples by statute. See Utah Code §§ 30-1-2(5) and 30-1-4.1.
  • 2004 The state constitution is amended to say:
    “(1) Marriage consists only of the legal union between a man and a woman. (2) No other domestic status or union, however denominated, between persons is valid or recognized or may be authorized, sanctioned, or given the same or substantially equivalent legal effect as a marriage.” See Utah Constitution, Article 1, § 29.
  • December 2013 A federal court strikes down Utah's ban on marriage for same-sex couples.
  • January 2014 The U.S. Supreme Court halts further marriages between people of the same sex, pending an appeal.
NO
Does the state recognize marriages of same-sex couples from other jurisdictions?
NO
Does the state offer any other type of relationship recognition for same-sex couples?

Workplace

NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?
NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?

All government employees are protected by the U.S. Constitution against irrational discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, some measure of protection already exists under Title VII based on gender, which has been held to include gender identity and expression.

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and several courts have interpreted Title VII to protect transgender employees, and the EEOC has interpreted Title VII to cover sexual orientation discrimination. The Supreme Court has held that the EEOC's interpretations of Title VII are entitled to "great deference." 

Parenting

Miscellaneous
Who may adopt?

Any adult. But “a child may not be adopted by a person who is cohabiting in a relationship that is not a legally valid and binding marriage under the laws of this state.” See Utah Code § 78B-6-117.

Miscellaneous
Second-parent adoptions:

Not yet affirmed in appellate case law or confirmed in statute.

Bullying

YES
Does state law prohibit bullying in public schools?
YES
Does the law include cyberbullying?
NO
Does the law specifically mention sexual orientation?
NO
Does the law specifically mention gender identity?
NO
Does the law also apply to private, non-religious schools?
NO
Is there a state antidiscrimination law that applies (or may apply) to schools?

“Don’t Say Gay” Law

Prohibits the “advocacy of homosexuality.” Utah Code Ann. § 53A-13-101 (2011)

Utah Code Ann. § 53A-11a-301 (2011)