Ohio

Relationships

NO
Does the state allow same-sex couples to marry?
NO
Does the state recognize marriages of same-sex couples from other jurisdictions?
NO
Does the state offer any other type of relationship recognition for same-sex couples?

The state constitution prohibits marriage between same-sex couples. Amended in 2004 to say: “Only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid in or recognized by This state and its political subdivisions. This state and its political subdivisions shall not create or recognize a legal status for relationships of unmarried individuals that intends to approximate the design, qualities, significance or effect of marriage.” See Ohio Consitution, Article XV § 11.

 

State statute prohibits marriage between same-sex couples. See Ohio Revised Code § 1301.01.

Workplace

NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?
YES
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?

In 2011, Gov. John Kasich passed executive order 2011-05K prohibiting discrimination in public employment based on sexual orientation.

All government employees are protected by the U.S. Constitution against irrational discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, some measure of protection already exists under Title VII based on gender, which has been held to include gender identity and expression.

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and several courts have interpreted Title VII to protect transgender employees, and the EEOC has interpreted Title VII to cover sexual orientation discrimination. The Supreme Court has held that the EEOC's interpretations of Title VII are entitled to "great deference." 

Parenting

Miscellaneous
Who may adopt?

Unmarried adults. If married, spouse must generally join petition. See Ohio R.C. 3107.03.

Miscellaneous
Second-parent adoptions:

Disapproved by intermediate appellate court in In re Adoption of Jane Doe, 719 N.E.2d 1071 (Ohio App. 9th Ninth Dist. 1998).

Adoption by gay man allowed in In re Adoption of Charles B., 552 N.E.2d 884 (Ohio 1990). Gay and lesbian parents can enter into enforceable agreements to share custody of their children. See In re Bonfield, 780 N.E.2d 241 (Ohio 2002).

 

Bullying

YES
Does state law prohibit bullying in public schools?
YES
Does the law include cyberbullying?
NO
Does the law specifically mention sexual orientation?
NO
Does the law specifically mention gender identity?
NO
Does the law also apply to private, non-religious schools?
Miscellaneous
Is there a state antidiscrimination law that applies (or may apply) to schools?

Find Your State

Know the laws in your state that protect LBGT people and people living with HIV.