Louisiana

Find Your State

Know the laws in your state that protect LBGT people and people living with HIV.
NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?

An executive order signed by Governor Kathleen Babineaux Blanco in 2003 protects government employees from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. 

NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?

All government employees are protected by the U.S. Constitution against irrational discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, some measure of protection already exists under Title VII based on gender, which has been held to include gender identity and expression.

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and several courts have interpreted Title VII to protect transgender employees, and the EEOC has interpreted Title VII to cover sexual orientation discrimination. The Supreme Court has held that the EEOC's interpretations of Title VII are entitled to "great deference." 

HIV & Healthcare

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Does this state have an HIV criminalization law?

YES, Louisiana has a criminal law that punishes people with an HIV diagnosis specifically for nondisclosure of HIV status prior to sexual conduct.  A violation of this statute is classified as a felony.

Has there been at least one HIV-based criminal prosecution—brought under an HIV-specific criminal law or a general criminal law—in this state in recent years?

YES, in recent years, there has been at least one criminal prosecution for HIV nondisclosure in Louisiana.

Does this state have laws that criminalize or enhance the penalties for biting, spitting and/or throwing bodily fluids or substances (such as urine or excrement) if a person has been diagnosed with HIV?

NO, Louisiana does not have laws that criminalize or enhance penalties for biting, spitting and/or throwing bodily fluids or substances (such as urine or excrement) if a person has been diagnosed with HIV, but that does not mean the state could not prosecute a person engaged in such activities under general criminal laws or argue for sentence enhancements based on the person’s HIV diagnosis.

Does this state have criminal laws addressing HIV+ sex workers and/or HIV+ patrons of sex workers?

YES, Louisiana also has laws that enhance punishments for HIV-positive people involved in commercial sexual transactions.  It is difficult to obtain accurate data on how often these laws are utilized in Louisiana, but there is growing evidence that in general these types of laws targeting sex workers are used much more frequently than other types of HIV criminalization laws.

Who may adopt?

Single person or married couple jointly. See La. CHC 1198, 1202.

Second-parent adoptions:

Not yet permitted.

 

Case law forbids joint adoptions by unmarried heterosexual couples. See Adoption of Meaux, 417 So. 2d 522 (La. App. 1982). 

 

Relatively unfriendly climate. See Scott v. Scott, 665 So.2d 760 (La. App. 1 Cir. 1995).

Relationships

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YES
Does the state allow same-sex couples to marry?
YES
Does the state recognize marriages of same-sex couples from other jurisdictions?
NO
Does the state offer any other type of relationship recognition for same-sex couples?

Now that the Supreme Court has ruled in favor of marriage equality, state and local officials can and should stop enforcing their marriage bans immediately. But it is possible that officials in some places may not start allowing couples to marry until the federal courts issue orders directly prohibiting them from enforcing their state or territory’s marriage ban. Federal lawsuits have been brought in all states that continue to enforce their marriage bans as well as in Puerto Rico, and we expect attorneys in those cases to promptly ask the courts to issue injunctions or to take other steps now that the Supreme Court has ruled. We know from experience, however, that this process can take a different amount of time in each jurisdiction depending on how quickly the courts move and how much government officials attempt to drag out the process. The process could be resolved as quickly as within a matter of days or it could take a bit longer depending on the particular jurisdiction.

YES
Does state law prohibit bullying in public schools?

Yes

YES
Does the law include cyberbullying?

Yes

NO
Does the law specifically mention sexual orientation?

No

NO
Does the law specifically mention gender identity?

No

NO
Does the law also apply to private, non-religious schools?

No

Is there a state antidiscrimination law that applies (or may apply) to schools?

 Yes (possibly under La. Rev. Stat. Ann § 49:146 (2012), prohibiting discrimination in public accommodations based on sex)

Prohibits sex education courses offered in public schools of the state from utilizing any sexually explicit materials depicting male or female homosexual activity. La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:281 (2013)

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 14:40.7 (Supp. 2013), 17:416.13 (2013)

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3996 (2013)