Now that the Supreme Court has ruled in favor of marriage equality, state and local officials can and should stop enforcing their marriage bans immediately. But it is possible that officials in some places may not start allowing couples to marry until the federal courts issue orders directly prohibiting them from enforcing their state or territory’s marriage ban. Federal lawsuits have been brought in all states that continue to enforce their marriage bans as well as in Puerto Rico, and we expect attorneys in those cases to promptly ask the courts to issue injunctions or to take other steps now that the Supreme Court has ruled. We know from experience, however, that this process can take a different amount of time in each jurisdiction depending on how quickly the courts move and how much government officials attempt to drag out the process. The process could be resolved as quickly as within a matter of days or it could take a bit longer depending on the particular jurisdiction.
An executive order signed by Governor Kathleen Babineaux Blanco in 2003 protects government employees from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
All government employees are protected by the U.S. Constitution against irrational discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, some measure of protection already exists under Title VII based on gender, which has been held to include gender identity and expression.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and several courts have interpreted Title VII to protect transgender employees, and the EEOC has interpreted Title VII to cover sexual orientation discrimination. The Supreme Court has held that the EEOC's interpretations of Title VII are entitled to "great deference."
Single person or married couple jointly. See La. CHC 1198, 1202.
Not yet permitted.
Case law forbids joint adoptions by unmarried heterosexual couples. See Adoption of Meaux, 417 So. 2d 522 (La. App. 1982).
Relatively unfriendly climate. See Scott v. Scott, 665 So.2d 760 (La. App. 1 Cir. 1995).
Yes (possibly under La. Rev. Stat. Ann § 49:146 (2012), prohibiting discrimination in public accommodations based on sex)