Does the state recognize marriages of same-sex couples from other jurisdictions?
Does the state offer any other type of relationship recognition for same-sex couples?
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
Does state law expressly protect state government employees from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
Governor Tony Knowles issued an executive order in 2002 banning discrimination based on sexual orientation against state employees. See Admin. Order No. 195. However, Alaska does not have a statewide law prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation. See Alaska Stat. § 18.80.220.
All government employees are protected by the U.S. Constitution against irrational discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, some measure of protection already exists under Title VII based on gender, which has been held to include gender identity and expression.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and several courts have interpreted Title VII to protect transgender employees, and the EEOC has interpreted Title VII to cover sexual orientation discrimination. The Supreme Court has held that the EEOC's interpretations of Title VII are entitled to "great deference."