North Carolina

Relationships

YES
Does the state allow same-sex couples to marry
YES
Does the state recognize marriages of same-sex couples from other jurisdictions?
NO
Does the state offer any other type of relationship recognition for same-sex couples?

Workplace

NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?
NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?

All government employees are protected by the U.S. Constitution against irrational discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, some measure of protection already exists under Title VII based on gender, which has been held to include gender identity and expression.

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and several courts have interpreted Title VII to protect transgender employees, and the EEOC has interpreted Title VII to cover sexual orientation discrimination. The Supreme Court has held that the EEOC's interpretations of Title VII are entitled to "great deference." 

Parenting

Miscellaneous
Who may adopt?

Any adult. But if the petitioner is unmarried, no other person may join. See N.C. Gen. Stat. 48-1-103, 48-2-301.

Miscellaneous
Second-parent adoptions:

No longer available.  Second-parent adoptions were ruled invalid and an adoptive mom’s adoption order was voided based on the state supreme court’s determination in Boseman v. Jarrell,704 S.E.2d 494 (N.C. 2010). However, the Boseman court granted the former adoptive mother standing to seek custody of her child based on her former partner’s actions in creating and fostering a parent-child relationship.  Non-legal parents may be able to protect their relationship with their child in the event of a breakup in reliance on Boseman v. Jarrell  and other cases.  We strongly advise consulting a family lawyer familiar with LGBT issues as soon as you and your partner decide to both become parents.

Generally hostile climate for lesbians and gay men, as seen in the custody decision of Pulliam v. Smith, 501 S.E.2d 898 (N.C. 1998).

Hostile climate for lesbians and gay men, as seen in the custody decision Pulliam v. Smith, 501 S.E.2d 898 (N.C. 1998).

Bullying

YES
Does state law prohibit bullying in public schools?
YES
Does the law include cyberbullying?
YES
Does the law specifically mention sexual orientation?
YES
Does the law specifically mention gender identity?
NO
Does the law also apply to private, non-religious schools?
NO
Is there a state antidiscrimination law that applies (or may apply) to schools?
Photo: iStock

Find Your State

Know the laws in your state that protect LBGT people and people living with HIV.