Alabama

Relationships

NO
Does the state allow same-sex couples to marry?

No. State statute prohibits marriage between same-sex couples. See Alabama Statutes, § 30-1-19.

NO
Does the state recognize marriages of same-sex couples from other jurisdictions?
NO
Does the state offer any other type of relationship recognition for same-sex couples?

State statute prohibits marriage between same-sex couples. See Alabama Statutes, § 30-1-19.

Workplace

NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law protect employees in the private sector from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?
NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation?
NO
Does state law expressly protect employees of state and local governments from discrimination on the basis of gender identity and/or gender expression?

All government employees are protected by the U.S. Constitution against irrational discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, some measure of protection already exists under Title VII based on gender, which has been held to include gender identity and expression.

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and several courts have interpreted Title VII to protect transgender employees, and the EEOC has interpreted Title VII to cover sexual orientation discrimination. The Supreme Court has held that the EEOC's interpretations of Title VII are entitled to "great deference." 

Parenting

Miscellaneous
Who may adopt?

Any unmarried adult or husband and wife jointly. Ala. Code § 26-10A-5.

Miscellaneous
Second-parent adoptions:

Do not appear to be currently available in any jurisdictions. Case law reveals hostility to gay parents. See Ex parte J.M.F., 730 So.2d 1190 (Ala. 1998).

Case law reveals hostility to gay parents. See Ex parte J.M.F., 730 So.2d 1190 (Ala. 1998).

Bullying

YES
Does state law prohibit bullying in public schools?
YES
Does the law include cyberbullying?
NO
Does the law specifically mention sexual orientation?
Does the law specifically mention gender identity?
NO
Does the law also apply to private, non-religious schools?
NO
Is there a state antidiscrimination law that applies (or may apply) to schools?

No public funds or public facilities may be used by any college or university to

·         “promote a lifestyle or activities prohibited by sodomy and sexual misconduct laws”

·         “sanction, recognize, or support the activities or existence of any organization or group that fosters or promotes a lifestyle or actions prohibited by the state’s sodomy and sexual misconduct laws.”

Ala. Code § 16-28B-3

2009 Ala. Acts 869 §§ 1-3

2009 Ala. Acts 1674, § 3; Model Anti-Harassment Policy (Oct. 20, 2009), Ala. Dept. of Education.

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