This fact sheet is intended to inform transgender students of their rights on campus and to show what advocates are doing to help make colleges and universities more affirming of, and welcoming to, transgender students. It is also designed to help students navigate campus challenges and advocate for better policies.
Amending the sex designation on a birth certificate may be an extremely important step for a transgender person, to accurately reflect on this legal document the sex with which the individual identifies, and as required proof of sex to obtain other identity and legal documents. The requirements and process to change the sex designation on a birth certificate, and whether that is even possible, varies from state to state. The following is a list of legal authorities intended to assist with the process of changing the sex on a birth certificate.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 C.F.R. §§ 99.00 et seq.) is a federal law that protects the privacy of student educational records. FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children’s educational records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level. (34 C.F.R. § 99.4-5).
Nearly one in six transgender Americans has been to prison—and
nearly half of all black transgender people.
Once behind bars,
discriminatory policies and the constant threat of sexual assault can
make prison a living hell for this already mistreated group.
Over the last decade, hospitals throughout the United States have recognized that some groups of people face significant barriers to health care because of historic bias and discrimination against them. Many efforts have been launched to identify these groups, learn more about the challenges they face in health care, and welcome them into the nation’s hospitals. To reach out to these long overlooked groups, hospitals have examined their policies and practices to ensure that discrimination is clearly prohibited, recommendations for equitable and inclusive care are being followed, and staff are trained to provide knowledgeable, sensitive care.
Ambulance workers jeered at and refused to treat Tyra Hunter, a transgender
woman seriously injured in a car accident outside Washington, DC who later
died from her wounds. The same kind of hate-fueled medical negligence killed
Robert Eads, a transgender man with ovarian cancer whom 20 separate doctors
wouldn’t treat; one said the diagnosis should make Eads “deal with the fact that
he is not a real man.”
Violence is a plague in the lives of many transgender and gender-nonconforming
(TGNC) people, with hate-motivated beatings and murders very common,
often involving extra cruelty. According to the National Coalition of
Anti-Violence Programs, 44% of reported hate murders in 2010 were
committed against transgender women.